Running the ships
Although not working for the port authority, there are many other people who have a vital role in getting the ships in and out of port quickly and safely.
Shipowners may not be aware of sources of cargo, especially if they are a long way from their offices. Also, people with cargo to move want to be able to do so without contacting lots of shipowners to see if they`ve got the right size of ship at the right place at the right time.
Putting people who want goods moved in touch with those who own ships is the job of a shipbroker. Shipbrokers know people locally who want to move cargo. They will also be aware which owners have ships of the right size to carry typical cargoes from or two local ports. Their knowledge means the shipbroker can often get a good deal for a client. Suppose a shipbroker knows that ships are often leaving a port a little distance away without cargoes. Because shipowners never like ships running empty, they may accept a lower rate than normal for taking out the cargo. The saving is passed on to the shipbroker`s client - after he has taken his commission based on a percentage of the money the shipowner earns for carrying the cargo.